In almost all countries of the world, including Bangladesh, birth control methods are mainly used by women. All but two of the publicly promoted family planning methods in Bangladesh are for women.
The Burden of side effects
Program targeting women
Ideas about the way of men
Trade in birth control methods.
Globally, there has been more campaigning and investment in birth control methods for women. Research into the effectiveness of birth control methods and the discovery of new methods has also been done with the female body in mind.
In 2019, the first male birth control pill was initially tested as safe for the human body, but it has not been released to the market.
Shaswati Biplab, head of the social empowerment program at the non-governmental development organization BRAC, says that beyond the social perception that women will use birth control because they will become pregnant, there are also commercial interests involved. And that's why birth control systems are created with women's bodies in mind.
In his words, "A woman is able to conceive a child at a certain time of the month and not the rest of the time. Once she is pregnant, she cannot reproduce throughout the year. But a man is always able. If you think about it, birth control methods are more for men. Recommended. But the people who make and sell birth control do market research. They know what will sell best. Men's methods won't sell. They know women's will sell best."
Overall, women do not have the power to make independent decisions about the use of birth control. Disadvantages are rarely reported in government campaigns on birth control.
Women have to shoulder the burden of birth control, bearing the painful side effects and stress of routine use. This is seen in both society and state policies.